The China Sea, part of the western Pacific Ocean, is mainly consisted of the South China Sea and the East China Sea.
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The South China Sea with an area of about 3,500,000 km² is a part of the Pacific Ocean, which encompasses from Singapore and the Strait of Malacca in the southwest, to the Taiwan Strait in the northeast. The Pearl, Red, Mekong, and Chao Phraya are the major rivers flowing into the South China Sea. Besides, it has a large amount of biological diversity, as well as abundant oil and natural gas resources. There are many flights constantly crossing the South China Sea, linking countries like Singapore with China. Most major travel companies, like Expedia, are offering such flights on a regular basis.
Territories with borders on the sea (clockwise from north) include: Mainland China, Macau, Hong Kong, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
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There are over 200 small islands, rocks, and reefs within this area, which are roughly divided into four islands: Dongsha (Pratas) Islands, Xisha (Paracel) Islands, Zhongsha Islands, and Nansha (Spratly) Islands.
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The East China Sea covers an area of around 1,249,000 km², connecting with the South China Sea by the Taiwan Strait and with merging with the Yellow Sea on the north. It is bounded on the west by mainland China, on the south by Taiwan and the Taiwan Strait, and on the east by Kyushu Island and Ryukyu Islands. The largest river draining into the sea is the Yangtze River. The Diaoyu Islands are the largest islands of the East China Sea. Furthermore, areas of the East China Sea are rich in oil and natural gas deposits.
Territories with borders on the sea (clockwise from north) include: mainland China, Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea.
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Lying between mainland China on the northwest and the Korean peninsula on the east, the Yellow Sea is a large inlet of the western Pacific Ocean and merges with the East China Sea on the southeast. The Yellow Sea occupies an area of about 380,000 km² (excluding the Bohai Sea). The main rivers flowing into the Yellow Sea include the Yellow River, Huai River, Liao River, and Yalu River. The Bohai Sea is the innermost bay of the Yellow Sea, which is in the northwest of a line between the Liaodong Peninsula to the north and the Shandong Peninsula to the south.
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