Map of Xining Qinghai
Xining - capital city of Qinghai province
As the capital of Qinghai, the poorest province in China, Xining offers a lot to see and is absolutely worthwhile to visit. Holding a population of more than two million, Xining is the first city on the upper reaches of the Yellow River to achieve a population into the millions. Xining is called as the Summer Resort Capital of China for its cool summer and gorgeous natural beauties. It has been the first choice of the people who want to keep away from the bustling cities and find peace, fresh air and idyllic surroundings with fluffy white clouds, purely blue sky, and vista of vast grassland.
The activities of human beings in this region can be traced back to 2,100 years ago. During the Western and Eastern Han Dynasties, owing to its developing agriculture, Xining was paid more attention due to its economic and martial significance. As well as being the important hinge between the central plains and the western part of China in ancient time, Xining was the most common passing channel of the famous Silk Road. Until now, it is still the only road by which to enter the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Location and Topography of Xining
Located at the northeast of Qinghai province, Xining lies at the junction of the Lanzhou-Qinghai and the Qinghai-Tibet railway with good transportation. Bordering the harsh Tibet highland, Xining is 2,260 meters above sea level.
The good location provides Xining with pleasant climate and splendid tourist sites. The natural beauties and historical and cultural relics are all attributed to the advantageous geographical location of Xining.
Climate of Xining
Located in the northwestern China, Xining enjoys the continental highland semiarid climate with an annual average temperature being about 6.5 degree Celsius. In January the temperature drops to only -8.9 degree Celsius and in July it reaches the high of 17.2 degree Celsius. The best time to have your tour should be the summer because of its reputation of the "Summer Resort Capital of China".
Transportation in Xining
Railways in Xining
Xining Railway Station possesses two trunk and three feeder railway lines, radiating out in all directions. The world famous Qinghai-Tibet Railway traverses Xining, taking on part of the transportations links between Tibet, Qinghai and Gansu Provinces. The Lanzhou-Qinghai and the Qinghai-Tibet railways meet here, transporting passengers onward to Beijing, Shanghai, Xian and Qingdao, Zhengzhou and Golmud, etc.
Highways in Xining
Visiting Xining by long-distance buses will make your trip more convenient, with a majority of passenger and freight being taken by highway. The Xining Bus Terminal has an advanced administrative systems and service establishments. With the investment of the local governments, five main arteries were constructed here. They connect to major cities and counties both within and outside of Qinghai Province.
Airways in Xining
Xining Caojiabao Airport is a very important transitional center in Qinghai Province as well as in the Northwest of China. Now, airlines traveling to Beijing, Guangzhou, Xian, Shanghai, Wuhan, Lanzhou, etc. have been opened.
Travel & Sightseeing in Xining
Xining has been one of the most attractive tourist destinations due to its reputation of summer resort as well as the numerous historical and cultural relics. The historical and cultural attractions include the Ta'er Monastery, one of six famous monasteries in the Gelugpa Sect of Tibetan Buddhism, the Northern Buddhist Temple and Dongguan Mosque with over 600 years old. The natural scenic sites are the Riyue (Moon and Sun) Mountain, Qinghai Lake and Bird Island.
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